Learn what variable are and how you can use them in Jinja. This is the second article in our series on Jinja templating.

Variables let you inject data in your template. In PushMetrics, they're called parameters.

Jinja variables in Python

Working in Python, the simplest way to set variables is as a Dictionary. You can then use your dictionary as an argument for the .render() method of the Jinja Template.

from jinja2 import Template

# Define query variables
variables = {
  "column": "value",
  "min_date": "2022-01-01",
  "max_date": "2022-12-31"

# Create a Jinja template for the query
template = Template("""
WHERE column = '{{ column }}'
AND date BETWEEN '{{ min_date }}' AND '{{ max_date }}'

# Render the template along with the variables
query = template.render(variables)

# Print the results

Jinja variables in SQL

You can set variables in your SQL template just like you would do for any other Jinja template. The following code would result in the same query as the code in the example above:

{% set column = "value" %}
{% set min_date = "2022-01-01" %}
{% set max_date = "2022-12-31" %}

WHERE column = '{{ column }}'
AND date BETWEEN '{{ min_date }}' AND '{{ max_date }}'

Why would you use Jinja variables in SQL?

To reduce (or avoid altogether) repetition. Consider the follow CTE query:

{% set day_param = current_date - 1 %}

with query_1 as (
	select date,
    from table_one
    where date = {{ day_param }}
,query_2 as (
	select date,
    from table_two
    where date = {{ day_param }}

select *
from query_1 one
join query_2 two on =

Using day_param you can reuse the same query with different values.

Variables in PushMetrics

There are two ways in PushMetrics to set variables that are then available in throughout your notebook, including all SQL, API, Email, or Slack blocks.

1. Parameter Blocks

Create a _parameter block_ and reference its name in SQL

2. Jinja in text blocks

In PushMetrics you can write Jinja anywhere. To create a variable you can use the following Syntax:

{% set parameter = [1,2,3,4] %}

The value of parameter will then be available to all following blocks defined in the notebook.

Jump to

Start sending data-driven messages today

Sign up and start using PushMetrics for free.
Or schedule a demo and discuss your use case.